God’s Renewing Word of Unity in Christ Jesus
2 Corinthians 3:1-18: In today’s reading, Paul continues to discuss his relationship with the church at Corinth. In response to the church’s demand that he present letters of recommendation as proof of his apostleship, Paul tells them that they themselves are the letter written with the Spirit of God and written on the hearts of Paul and his companions. He also discusses Moses, whose face shone with God’s glory. Yet following God’s command, he wore a veil over his face. In contrast, followers of Christ are given the opportunity to reflect God’s glory.
Servants of the New Covenant
1Does this sound as if we were again boasting about ourselves? Could it be that, like some other people, we need letters of recommendation to you or from you? 2You yourselves are the letter we have, written on our hearts for everyone to know and read. 3 It is clear that Christ himself wrote this letter and sent it by us. It is written, not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, and not on stone tablets but on human hearts.
4We say this because we have confidence in God through Christ. 5There is nothing in us that allows us to claim that we are capable of doing this work. The capacity we have comes from God; 6 it is he who made us capable of serving the new covenant, which consists not of a written law but of the Spirit. The written law brings death, but the Spirit gives life.
7 The Law was carved in letters on stone tablets, and God's glory appeared when it was given. Even though the brightness on Moses' face was fading, it was so strong that the people of Israel could not keep their eyes fixed on him. If the Law, which brings death when it is in force, came with such glory, 8how much greater is the glory that belongs to the activity of the Spirit! 9The system which brings condemnation was glorious; how much more glorious is the activity which brings salvation! 10We may say that because of the far brighter glory now the glory that was so bright in the past is gone. 11For if there was glory in that which lasted for a while, how much more glory is there in that which lasts forever!
12Because we have this hope, we are very bold. 13 We are not like Moses, who had to put a veil over his face so that the people of Israel would not see the brightness fade and disappear. 14Their minds, indeed, were closed; and to this very day their minds are covered with the same veil as they read the books of the old covenant. The veil is removed only when a person is joined to Christ. 15Even today, whenever they read the Law of Moses, the veil still covers their minds. 16 But it can be removed, as the scripture says about Moses: “His veil was removed when he turned to the Lord.” 17Now, “the Lord” in this passage is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is present, there is freedom. 18All of us, then, reflect the glory of the Lord with uncovered faces; and that same glory, coming from the Lord, who is the Spirit, transforms us into his likeness in an ever greater degree of glory.
The written law brings death, but the Spirit gives life.
In verse 6, what does Paul say about the new covenant? (see also Jeremiah 31:31-34). In reflecting on this verse, what does "serving the new covenant" mean to you? Reread verses 15-16. When Paul refers to a veil covering the minds of people who read the Law of Moses, he means that the people of Israel did not understand the true purpose of the Law. Paul says this covering can only be removed when people interpret the Law by faith in Jesus as the Christ. What does this passage mean for people today?
Loving God, thank you for the gift of your Holy Spirit. Where your Spirit is present, there is indeed freedom. May I serve you and reflect your glory by the power of your transforming, life-giving Spirit. Amen.
2 Corinthians 4:1-15: The apostle Paul describes the spiritual treasure that followers of Christ possess.